Ohio is changing how it evaluates and communicates the academic performance of its schools and districts. Schools and districts will no longer receive labels like "Excellent" or "Continuous Improvement." In its place, they will receive letter grades on several measures in the same way a student receives grades for his or her classes.
The new report card will be phased in over several years, starting with the 2012-2013 school year. Beginning in August 2015, schools and districts will receive grades on measures like the four-year graduation rate. The grades for measures will be combined into six broad categories, called components, which also will receive a grade. Finally, the component grades will be combined into an overall grade for the school or district.
The six components that will be on the new report card are:
Achievement: This component measures absolute academic achievement compared to national standards of success.
Progress: This component measures the average annual improvement for each student (i.e., whether a student gained more or less a year of knowledge and skills each year).
Gap Closing: This component measures how well a school or district is doing in narrowing gaps in reading, math and graduation rate among students according to socioeconomic, racial, ethnic or disability status.
Graduation Rate: This component measures the percentage of students who entered the 9th grade and graduated in four and five years.
K-3 Literacy: This component measures the improvement in reading for students in kindergarten through grade three.
Prepared for Success: This component measures whether students who graduate are prepared for college or a career.